Among the other problems that diabetes causes, damage to your eyes is one of the most severe. In some cases, diabetes can cause you to lose part or all of your sight. While you can't stop the impact of diabetes on your eyes, frequent eye exams and early treatment when you have signs of a problem can slow down the loss of vision. Here are the most common eye issues caused by diabetes and how they are treated.
A gel-like material fills your eye to help it keep its shape. Your eye is constantly producing this material. Pores in the eye allow the gel to escape to maintain an even pressure in the eye. Diabetes disrupts this mechanism and causes the pressure in your eye to increase.
The eye pressure puts stress on the retina and can cause the following symptoms:
If the pressure in your eye becomes so great that it damages the retina, you could experience partial blindness.
Some of the ways your eye doctor can treat glaucoma include:
Your eye naturally deposits protein fibers in the lens to protect the eye from the ultraviolet rays of the sun. Diabetes causes a build up of those fibers into a dense, translucent mass in the lens, called a cataract. The cataract restricts the amount of light coming into the eye causing the following symptoms:
The process can't be slowed down, but your eye doctor can remove the cataract and replace it with an artificial lens. This man-made lens gives some vision correction, like the natural lens, but it is not affected by a build up of protein fibers.
Diabetes can damage the retina enough to cause a permanent loss of all or part of your vision. The cause is the development of new, weak blood vessels in the eye on the retina. Two problems occur when these blood vessels appear:
Your eye doctor will try to slow down the damage caused by these weak blood vessels with medication or surgery. Any existing loss of vision cannot be restored. Early diagnosis and treatment of diabetic retinopathy is critical to prevent it from affecting your vision.Share
26 April 2016
When was the last time that you took your kids in for an eye exam? Did you realize that your kids' school performance can be impacted by their ability to see clearly? Children are not great at communicating difficulties seeing the board or letting adults know when things begin to appear a little bit blurry. Did you know that there are eye problems that your child could have that can only be diagnosed through an exam at your optometrist's office? Learn all about pediatric eye care and what problems you could run into if you neglect to take your child in for regular eye exams.